The DIDP Area or Region XI, is a leading producer of fruits, industrial crops and cutflowers. DIDP accounts for 46.9% of the country’s total banana production, 16.33% of papaya, 28.2% of durian and 58.6% of pomelo. Key industrial crops produced in the DIDP Area and their percentage shares in national production include: coconut (27.5%), coffee (31.5%) and cacao (70.5%). The cutflower industry in the Area accounts for 15% of the national production.
In cereal production, while the DIDP Area has a corn sufficiency ratio of 188.4% in 1998, it only has a 57.3% sufficiency ratio in rice. Its rice-eating population of 2,955,177 consumed an estimated 385,355 MT of rice against a production of only 220,566 MT. An additional 164, 789 MT of rice were sourced from other rice-producing areas.
Also, the DIDP has not been able to fully exploit its potential areas in vegetable production because of difficult access to suitable sites. The cost of farm inputs and spoilage is quite high, hindering sustainable production and profitability. While the DIDP Area has been traditionally known for its fruits, industrial crops and cutflowers, it has available areas with potential for cereal and high-value vegetable production, which present opportunities to address key concerns.
Another opportunity area for the DIDP cluster is in improving productivity in its fishery industry. Data from the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) and the Bureau of Fishery and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) show that the DIDP Area has a low fish sufficiency ratio. Production figures indicate that total fish production range from 36,857 MT (BAS) to 66,450 MT (BFAR). These figures translate to a fish sufficiency ratio in the range of 30.6% to 50.1%. Essential intervention measures must be put in place to develop potential areas, increase production and productivity and provide viable sources of employment to fisherfolks.back to top
Goals and Objectives
The DIDP Integrated Food Security Program (DIDP-IFSP) is aligned with the Agricultural and Fisheries Modernization Plan of the Department of Agriculture through Republic Act 8435. The project will support the implementation of this plan and ultimately contribute to the overall achievement of Department of Agriculture’s Goal on expanding productivity as the key to raise the quality of life for all especially the underprivileged.
The DIDP-IFSP aims to reinforce its competitive advantages in fruits, industrial crops and cutflowers and pursue opportunities in improving productivity in existing and potential production areas. It also aims to enhance farmers and fishers income, encourage rural industries and village enterprises to ensure timely delivery and distribution of products from the production areas to market centers and diversify production to include high-value crops and vegetables.back to top
- To improve productivity of farmers as well as optimize the utilization of agricultural resources in existing and potential production areas;
- To ensure the timely delivery and distribution of products from the production areas to market centers and minimize wastage; and,
- To diversify and increase value-adding production processes for agricultural produce.
The DIDP Integrated Food Security Program has the following sub-components:
- Farm to Market Roads (FTMR)
Farm to market roads under the DIDP program refer to barangay roads outside the city and municipal/urban areas not otherwise designated as national roads including bridges that are part of the road sections or roads located within the Key Production Areas designated by the Department of Agriculture of Region CI and the City/Provincial Agriculture and/or these roads which link these areas to major market/trading roads to higher road class system.
Farm to market roads in the DIDP Area are inadequate and existing ones need improvement and/or rehabilitation. The repair and rehabilitation of these existing roads is expected to significantly expedite farm product marketing and distribution. The proposed new segments will provide access to new production areas. The main consideration is ensuring the link-up of production areas to market centers and the facility of transporting essential inputs to the production areas.
- Small Irrigation Development Projects (SIDP)
SIDP refer to National Irrigation Systems, Communal Irrigation Projects, Small River Impounding Projects, Shallow Tube Wells and Deep wells. Increasing irrigated areas through the establishment of appropriate and cost-efficient irrigation systems will result in the increase of productivity and higher incomes for farmers.
- Upland Farming Model Villages Establishment (UFMV)
UFMV is designed to improve the socio-economic conditions of upland farmers, as well as, rehabilitate, restore, improve and prevent degradation of upland soil and critical watersheds in the DIDP Area. Components of the project include introduction to home gardening, alley cropping/sloping agricultural land technology, commercial crop cultivation and marketing, livestock raising and nursery preparation for tree seedlings and crops.
- Developing Rural Industries and Village Enterprises (DRIVE)
DRIVE is basically a countryside-centered, market-driven agri-industrialization and program. It is intended to strengthen domestic production base to maintain industry’s global competitiveness while creating more opportunities for small entrepreneurs and dispersing jobs in rural areas.
It will encourage partnership between small growers and big companies and individual producers or enterprises. It will include the production of rice, vegetables, banana, pineapple, nata de coco, papaya, seaweeds, vinegar, strawberry, oyster shell and meat.
- Fishery Sector Development Project
The Fishery Sector Development Project aims to protect and enhance fishery resources including coastal and marine resources, integrate subsistence fishers in the mainstream of the DIDP socio-economy through the increase in and diversification of income opportunities and establish fisheries-based value-added production thereby establishing a more competitive fishery industry in the Area.
Funds Received (1999-present)
The DIDP IFSP has been receiving financial support from the National Government through the Department of Agriculture since 1999 up to the present.
It was first implemented when the DIDP was adopted as a Flagship Program for Mindanao through Executive Order 144 on August 1999. Then President Joseph Ejercito Estrada committed to extend appropriate support and assistance to the various programs and projects identified in the DIDP Master Plan, which materialized when the National Government released a total of P216.63 Million for the IFSP for the period 1999-2001, funding the implementation of 53 farm-to-market road projects and 12 small irrigation development projects.
Under the administration of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, the DIDP IFSP joined the roster of Locally Funded Projects (LFP) in Mindanao under the Department of Agriculture in 2003. From that time until 2010, the Program received a total of P390.99 Million from the National Government. This time, the program was able to implement livelihood programs and sustainability measures in addition to the infrastructure components of IFSP.
Funds Received, by year
|Year||Amount (in P’000)|
A total of 6 projects under the DIDP IFSP were implemented so far. These are:
- Farm to Market Roads Project (FMR)
- Small Irrigation Development Project (SIDP)
- Upland Farming Model Villages Project (UFMVP)
- Agro-Processing Promotion Project (APPP)
- Alternative Livelihood Development Project (ALDP)
- Fisherfolks’ Livelihood Enhancement Project (FLEP)
The APPP and ALDP are sub-projects included under the DRIVE component of DIDP IFSP. On the other hand, FLEP is a sub-project under the Fishery Sector Development component.back to top